The actual text we're talking about is as follows:
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. - U.S. Const., 14 Amend., Sect. 1John Kyl, Republican Senator from Arizona, has recently been quoted as saying that we should look into the repeal of the above quoted section of the 14th Amendment because illegal aliens are using it to have "anchor babies" in the United States. South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham has also proposed legislation to repeal the 14th Amendment for the same reason. From CBS News:
"The 14th Amendment [has been] interpreted to provide that if you are born in the United States, you are a citizen no matter what," Kyl said. "So the question is, if both parents are here illegally, should there be a reward for their illegal behavior?"So let me get this straight...you hate
Look, this is not the prohibition of alcohol we're talking about here. These are people's lives. Their citizenship. The very core of what makes Americans Americans. You don't talk about repealing that merely to score political favor with your party.
Another reason why this move by Republicans is so controversial is because of the historical context of the 14th Amendment. As we discussed in our Black Republican Series, the 14th Amendment was passed by Congress back in the 1860's after the Civil War as part of the "Reconstruction Amendments" which also include the 13th Amendment which prohibited Slavery, and the 15th Amendment which prohibited States from preventing anybody from voting on the basis of race (ironically, these Amendments were passed by the Republican Party - how the times have changed).
These Amendments are monumental landmarks in our country's history. They signify an unmistakable turning point of progress where the United States as a whole, recognizing the wrongs of racial discrimination, finally stepped up to the plate as a nation and made a change for the better. These Amendments, and the ideas that they stand for, were passed for a reason (a very good reason at that) and as such they should not be disturbed now because a few Republicans don't like the idea that people are legally obtaining citizenship without their permission.